The Alcázar

Juan de Herrera, among others
south facade, 16th century design

This imposing royal palace is situated at the highest point of the city. It has been completely reconstructed after being destroyed during the Spanish Civil War.
Originally this site is thought to have been used by the Romans as a military base. Visigoths may have had a fortress here which was rebuilt after the Reconquest by Alfonso VI. King Alfonso X had the east side built in the 13th century. Finally King Charles V changed the nature of the structure from fortress to palace and hired the best-known architects of the 16th century--Covarrubias and Juan de Herrera, who designed the southern facade. (See also the Escorial.)

The south facade


Details of the south facade


The southwest corner and the west facade


The medieval eastern facade with remains of battlement towers and defensive details

Click here to return to index of art historical sites.

Click here to return to index of artists and architects.

Click here to return to chronological index.

Click here to see the home page of Bluffton College.

© 2001 Mary Ann Sullivan. I have photographed (on site), scanned, and manipulated all the images on these pages. Please feel free to use them for personal or educational purposes. They are not available for commercial purposes.

Page created by Mary Ann Sullivan