Cathedrals--page 1 (of two pages)

various architects
Old Cathedral, mid 12th century to late 13th century; New Cathedral, foundation stone, 1512 and consecrated 1733

The Old Cathedral, from the side

The city of Salamanca has two cathedrals, in part because the large number of students at the university necessitated the bulding of the so-called "new cathedral," which stands next to the earlier cathedral. The first cathedral, built on the site of an ealier Visogothic church, was begun in the 12th century (after the Christian reconquest of Salamanca) and is usually defined as Romanesque in style--although it was built in stages over a century and a half.

Gothic elements: the buttresses, the dome of the New Cathedral, and decorative stonework


Side entrance of the Old Cathedral

The Romanesque tympanum depicts the Entry into Jerusalem. Statues of saints and inhabited scrollwork decorate this side entrance.

The oculus above the tympanum with grotesque animals


The front entrance, designed by Juan Gil de Hontañón

Scenes from the birth of Christ occupy the tympana over the double portal. The trumeau depicts the crowned Virgin.

Tower on the front

Continue to page 2.

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© 2006 Mary Ann Sullivan. I have photographed (on site), scanned, and manipulated all the images on these pages. Please feel free to use them for personal or educational purposes. They are not available for commercial purposes.

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