Markets of Trajan

Apollodorus of Damascus
c. 110-112 C. E.

This complex of shops and offices on the natural slope of the Quirinal Hill overlooks the Forum. Originally across from the Forum of Trajan, it was located behind the exedra of a courtyard in that Forum and was itself designed as an exedra. There were three levels of shops, the lower level opening up to the hemispherical facade, the second level opening into the interior where there was a large vaulted indoor market hall, and the third level (set back) opening at the rear to a street above on the hill.

An individual shop (or taberna) is the basic unit--the exedra has eleven in a radial arrangement. This shop was a single room with a barrel vault and a large entrance, often with a window above.

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