Phoebe Apperson Hearst Memorial Gymnasium for Women, University of California at Berkeley

Julia Morgan and Bernard Maybeck

At the beginning of her career, Morgan worked with John Galen Howard, the architect in charge of the Berkeley campus from 1902-24. She was a draftsperson for his Hearst Mining Building and assistant supervising architect for the Greek Theater, both on the Berkeley campus. But as Boutelle explains, "the imperious, authoritarian Howard apparently never forgave her for opening her own office and for taking with her as junior partner a young man from his staff" (53). It was only later in the 1920s that Morgan had the opportunity to design buildings for the campus. Working with Bernard Maybeck, Morgan designed this gymnasium, commissioned by William Randolph Hearst in honor of his mother.

The street side (south elevation) and the pool from the north

The street side faces Bancroft Way, the street separating the campus from the town to the south. Walls here, with classic balustrades and urns punctuating the divisions, indicate the separation. This classical Beaux-Arts building is made of reinforced concrete. Morgan designed three pools for this gym. One overlooks the park-like setting of the campus and connects the two wings of the building.


The classical details of the east end of the gym


The north side facing the campus

The windows are divided into two sections with a decorative bronze frieze.

Work Cited: Boutelle, Sara Holmes. Julia Morgan Architect. Revised and updated edition. New York: Abbeville Press, 1995.

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